The Allende meteorite is one of the most fascinating and sought-after meteorites available to collectors. It is a rare witnessed fall of a carbonaceous chondrite. The fireball was witnessed on February 8, 1969 at 01:05 am local time by hundreds of people in rural Mexico and numerous specimens were picked up by locals on the morning after the fall. The meteorite is rich in carbon, exhibits good fusion crust, and also contains microscopic diamonds. Chondrules and calcium-rich inclusions (CAIs) in the Allende meteorite are 4.5 billion years old, making them the oldest known matter in existence on earth—predating the formation of our own planet and even our Solar System. Carbonaceous chondrites comprise about 4% of all meteorites observed to fall from space. Allende has frequently been described as “the best studied meteorite in history.” This is due largely to the work of the late Dr. Elbert King who designed the Lunar Receiving Lab for NASA. Dr. King was the first scientist on the scene, arriving in Mexico very shortly after the fall. He found some specimens himself, bought others from locals, and then traded them with institutions around the world, allowing for this extremely rare meteorite type to be analyzed by international specialists. New classified micro-minerals appear on this meteorite CAIs on a regular basis, being still studied nowadays by prestigious mineralogists around the world.
On Wednesday, 12 July 2017, around 23:13 local time, a bright fireball was widely seen throughout southern Morocco and western Argelia, traveling from the NE to the SW, with termination of the fireball southwest of Tata, Morocco. The fireball lasted for several seconds and was followed by a series of sonic booms. This event was subsequently reported on the national TV news. The authorities of the area including soldiers reported the fireball. The location of the fall is in a militarized area within Morocco, near the village Kheneg Ljouad. Military and nomads where the first to arrive at the fall site and the first piece was found within 12 hours of the fireball, on 13th July. Kheneg Ljouad is a chondrite meteorite, type LL5-6 with a characteristic contrast between its fresh fusion crust and its grey matrix full of troilite inclusions.
Indochinites were ejected into the Earth’s upper atmosphere by a huge meteorite impact 788.000 years ago in the Gulf of Tonkin (Vietnam). The steam jets cooled down in the higher atmosphere and condensed to form this type of glass. The pieces rained down hundreds and thousands of kilometers away from the impact, in direction South-East, reaching Philippines and even Australia. They have diverse shapes and a characteristic black color. This piece has a rare burst bubble at one end.
On the afternoon of 19 April 2018, a large fireball detonated over the Nigerian state of Oyo. This fireball was recorded by NASAs Center for Near Earth Object Studies as event 2018-04-19 14:02:27. The meteoroid entered at 20.9 km/s and detonated at an altitude of 30 km. Aba Panu is classified as an L3 chondrite. Aba Panu meteorites are mostly rounded with broad poorly developed regmaglypts, and largely lacking fusion crust. This is probably due to the fact that it was raining when it fell.
Formed by a massive impact near the Libyan border with Egypt 26 million years ago, this impactite is one of the most sought after type. As a result of the heat and pressure of the impact event, desert sands were melted and formed an impact glass in a a wide range of shapes and colors from yellowish-white to yellow and black-yellow. Ancient Egyptians already knew about these rocks, and they picked them up and used them to make tools and jewelry for the Pharaohs, for example, for the famous Tutankhamun’s pendant with Wadjet. This specimen has rare blue parallel lines.
This meteorite is one of the biggest meteorite falls in recorded history. It was felt over 300km away with a bolide that the witnesses describe as brighter than the Sun. It crossed the atmosphere at 14km/s above the Sikhote Alin mountains. The fall happened in Russian fast East, close the the China border at 10:38 h local time the 12 February 1947. Sikhote Alin is classified as IIAB octahedrite iron meteorite. Sikhote Alin fragmented in its descent until the pressure of the atmosphere was so high that it exploded. The event left mainly 2 types of meteorites, one with smooth surfaces due to the higher time being ablated and one with intricate shapes due to the explosion. This specimen comes from the first fragmentation of the meteor.
Campo del Cielo is an iron meteorite that fell 4800 years ago in the current Argentina. Its fireball was so bright that stories about it passed from one generation to another. When Spaniards arrived at the place, they were told by the locals that the sky had fallen, hence its name. This particular specimen is important as it comes from my best friend.